Mapping and Assessing Policies for Mitigation
This report presents the insights gathered during our research efforts on two work package tasks. The first part of the report categorises and analyses information available in 24 climate change policy databases and identifies gaps and potential information needs. Moreover, it sheds some light on the question of whether the policy information available actually meets the needs of stakeholders using these databases by using an extensive online and offline stakeholder consultation process. The second part of the report focuses on the issue area of policy interactions. Four case studies (France, Austria, Greece, EU-wide) analyse how different climate change mitigation policies (Energy Efficiency Measures, Renewable Energy Support) and instruments (EU ETS) interact with each other and what lessons can be drawn from past experiences in those countries.
This report presents the main findings from a meta-analysis of climate change mitigation policy evaluations in the European Union (EU) and the six Member States: Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece and the United Kingdom.
With the emergence of a system of voluntary pledges by countries from the Paris Agreement, attention will soon shift to the ‘review’ part of ‘pledge and review’. This commentary discusses the types of review included in the Paris Agreement and highlights evaluation and assessment of climate policies and their implementation.
This discussion paper presents the main findings from a meta-analysis of climate change mitigation policy evaluations in the European Union (EU) and six Member States: Austria, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece and the United Kingdom. In doing so, it seeks to provide insights into how evaluation practices might be improved, and responds to information and knowledge needs about the state of European climate change mitigation policies, which are expected to become ever more important in the context of the Paris Agreement and the forthcoming Governance Regulation. The study further aims to improve the understanding and to contribute to ongoing studies of European policy evaluation practices.
The European Union has often been described as a leader of climate change action, and convincing arguments can be found to support this leadership claim. However, recent economic, political and institutional developments such as the decision of the UK to leave the bloc or the rise of populist parties throughout Europe have put pressure on the EU itself and pose some significant challenges to its climate leadership role, particularly since current EU policies are unlikely to meet its commitment under the Paris Agreement to limit global warming to 2 degrees. At the same time, with US president Donald Trump turning his back on multilateral climate action, EU climate leadership is more necessary than ever. This discussion paper shows how the EU has led on climate change issues in the past, and analyses the current challenges EU climate and energy policies face. It also presents suggestions for improving internal climate and energy governance, and describes how the EU could reclaim its international leadership role by strengthening existing partnerships with non-EU countries and capitalising on its extensive governance experience and climate know-how.
This discussion paper examines the broader architecture for global climate governance after Paris and offers suggestions for improving coherence within international climate governance that can be implemented by Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Paris Agreement, Parties to other international legal instruments, non-Party stakeholders, and other relevant actors. It begins with an overview of three significant areas of climate action initiated outside of the UNFCCC – focusing on other international legal regimes, minilateral climate coalitions and actions by non-Party stakeholders – and offers some indications of how such action may evolve in light of the Paris outcome. It then discusses the ways in which the United Nations climate regime is linked to action taken in other venues, with a focus on the Paris Agreement. The discussion paper ends with three suggestions on how those relationships could be strengthened, namely: (1) enhancing the visibility of non-UNFCCC climate action; (2) developing operational linkages; and (3) monitoring and review).
This working document highlights the interactions between energy efficiency policies at the federal and provincial government levels in Austria. The effectiveness of the new and current policies is difficult to ascertain, but the case study concludes that overlaps between different government subsidies imply that government funds are used inefficiently. The working paper concludes that a new target-oriented policy mix that is not entirely based on subsidies, but enables a combination with energy or environmental standards is a way to avoid these overlaps.
The CARISMA case study analysis on energy and climate policy interactions addresses: policy interactions between different policy levels, interactions between short and long term policies, and interactions that occur if stakeholders are indirectly affected by a policy instrument.
The EU has opted to integrate climate and energy policies. The over-achievement of the renewable energy target meant that the power sector reduced the demand for EU ETS allowances (EUAs). This Working Document discusses conditions for reducing such negative policy interactions.
Information on policies mitigating climate change, which could meet key information needs in a post-Paris world, is increasingly available in online databases. However, the available information suffers from several shortcomings, which are discussed in this Working Document.