Assessment of technologies for climate change mitigation
For two technology options for mitigation - of Bio-Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) and Solar Photovoltaic (Solar PV) - this report contains an overview of issues for further research in order to enable their further development, deployment and diffusion. The report identifies research gaps and priority areas for further research, and provides insights for policy decision on both technology options. The analysis in the report is based on assessment of stakeholder perspectives and concerns and review of scientific literature.
This report includes system costs in the macroeconomic assessment of wind and PV moving beyond classical LCOE assessments of renewable energy expansion and showed the critical importance of incorporating macroeconomic effects and feedbacks for policy evaluation and design.
The EU "Winter Package" contains specific goals for energy and climate and calls upon Member States to formulate Integrated National Energy and Climate Plans (INECPs). While the energy and climate goals of the EU require scaling up of climate change mitigation technologies, integrating such options in existing economic and social structures is not always easy. Building further on the insights from the CARISMA project, this report analyses issues that Member State policy makers may face when formulating INECPs and scaling up technology options for mitigation. These issues are then analysed as case studies for three EU Member States: Greece, Austria and the Netherlands.