International R&I Cooperation


International Collaboration on Research and Innovation for Mitigation

CARISMA D7.5 Policy Diffusion and Technology Transfer (May 2018) 

The European Union (EU) has taken a leading role in global efforts to address climate change, including a wide range of international cooperation efforts related to renewable energy technologies and policy engagement. Technology transfer and technology diffusion across countries or regions for renewable energy has long been a subject of interest for researchers as well as policy makers. More recently, the analogous notions of policy transfer and policy diffusion have also gained in importance in light of the significant impacts of key policies such as feed-in tariffs and renewable auctions. This report undertakes a detailed analysis for these two instruments, focusing especially on the transfer of policies from the EU and its Member States to other countries, with case studies in Peru, Kenya, Uganda and Thailand. The analysis suggests important pre-conditions for successful policy transfer that can help to attract investment, including clear policy goals, knowledgeable champions of the policies and a framework of targeted policy instruments.

How Should International Institutions Promote Research and Innovation Technologies Collaboration for Climate Change Mitigation (May 2017) 

This policy brief provides guidance and recommendations to international institutions on how to get involved in climate change mitigation collaboration projects around research and innovation. It does so by looking closely at experiences of past and current research and innovation collaborations in the field of climate change mitigation.

Government-led International Research and Innovation Collaboration in Climate Mitigation: Practical Guidance for Policy Makers (May 2017) 

As collaborative research and innovation (R&I) initiatives have the potential to advance climate technology transfer across borders, in particular in developing countries, European governments have put in place various initiatives to facilitate deployment of climate technologies. In the CARISMA project, such initiatives were mapped in a background report, and discussed in a workshop involving stakeholders from government, industry, academia and international organisations.

International Collaborations in Industry on Climate Change Mitigation R&I Initiatives (October 2017) 

As international collaborative research and innovation (R&I) initiatives have the potential to advance climate change mitigation  technology transfer across borders, in particular in developing countries, some industries have developed various international R&I collaborative initiatives to facilitate deployment of low-carbon technologies and practices. This Policy Brief summarises general lessons and identifies recommendations for stimulating international collaborations on R&I among industries for policy makers and for industry.

R&D offshoring in climate technologies to emerging economies: opportunities and challenges for Europe (November 2017) 

This report provides an updated overview of research and development (R&D) offshoring, focusing on the key drivers and challenges for the MNCs involved. The report identifies the following main drivers for the observed increase in R&D offshoring to emerging economies: (i) cost considerations;(ii) the effective adaptation of products to local markets; (iii) the search for talent and new ideas; and (iv) the aspiration to tap into local systems of innovation. The main challenges of R&D offshoring the report identifies are: (i) cultural and organisational differences; (ii) how to manage globally dispersed R&D activities; and (iii) how to protect intellectual property rights.

CARISMA Policy Brief - Outsourcing and Offshoring R&D in Green Technology to Emerging Economies (August 2016) 

Research and development (R&D) in new low-emission technologies is increasingly taking place on a global scale. This policy brief present findings from ongoing research conducted by the UNEP DTU Partnership (UDP)on the globalization of R&D in green technology as part of the CARISMA project.

CARISMA Working Document - R&D offshoring in climate technologies to emerging economies: opportunities and challenges for Europe 

This report provides an updated overview of research and development (R&D) offshoring, focusing on the key drivers and challenges for the MNCs involved. The report identifies the following main drivers for the observed increase in R&D offshoring to emerging economies: (i) cost considerations;(ii) the effective adaptation of products to local markets; (iii) the search for talent and new ideas; and (iv) the aspiration to tap into local systems of innovation. The main challenges of R&D offshoring the report identifies are: (i) cultural and organisational differences; (ii) how to manage globally dispersed R&D activities; and (iii) how to protect intellectual property rights.

CARISMA Working Document - International R&I collaboration on mitigation 

Innovation in mitigation technologies is seen as a key contributor to achieving the ambitious greenhouse gas reduction goals of countries outlined in the Paris Agreement.  Research collaboration on mitigation technology and innovation between developed and developing countries offers the opportunity for trust building, knowledge sharing and allows all parties to influence the decision-making process of technology development. This report aims at selecting collaboration initiatives from governments, industries and regions, each with different characteristics, in order to identify criteria for effective collaborations between the European Union and emerging countries. 

Copyright © 2018 CARISMA. Developed by UPRC