Context-Sensitive Policy


Policy implementation: understanding contexts

Understanding Climate Change Governance 

 This report first characterises the complex problem of climate change by elaborating on the 'wicked' nature of climate change as having impacts on all sectors of society. Then it explains key features of climate change governance by highlighting its diffused nature, how it involves a myriad of actors and a range of non-hierarchical, collaborative modes of governance. The report explores how coherence in the international climate governance architecture can be improved. It concludes with a discussion on the role of the EU in international climate governance after the Paris Agreement. 

Contextual Factors Affecting EU Climate Policies and their Outcomes 

Institutional, economic and social contexts influence the formulation as well as the implementation of climate policy instruments. To design more robust and adaptive instruments, it is necessary to understand different categories and types of contextual factors that are central to EU climate change mitigation. This paper identifies three types of contextual factors: institutions and governance; innovation and investment; attitudes, behaviour and lifestyle. By categorising the contextual factors and mapping examples of how each factor shapes and influences mitigation policies and their outcome, this paper seeks to contribute to more systematic understanding and structured discussions for EU and member state policy-makers. 

Report on the Knowledge Gaps about Key Contextual Factors 

This report is aimed at addressing two main research questions, one about how contextual factors that are beyond direct control of policymakers may actually influence the outcome of specific policy instruments and another about how these factors are accounted for in the adoption and implementation of policy instruments.

CARISMA Discussion Paper - How do contextual factors affect EU climate policies and their outcomes? Mapping and categorisation, revisited 

This discussion paper addresses how contextual factors beyond direct control of policymakers may actually influence the outcome of specific policy instruments. To answer this question, case studies were selected to cover six countries and two timely topics for climate change mitigation: measures to support renewable energy (RE) and smart technologies for energy efficiency (EE) improvement including smart grids. Despite the diversity of national circumstances and experts’ backgrounds, the main results converged to identify a small number of contextual factors that were observed in multiple case studies and acknowledged as affecting adoption or/and implementation of policy instruments.

CARISMA Discussion Paper - Contextual factors affecting EU climate policies and their outcomes 

Institutional, economic and social contexts influence the formulation as well as the implementation of climate policy instruments. To design more robust and adaptive instruments, it is necessary to understand different categories and types of contextual factors that are central to EU climate change mitigation. This paper identifies three types of contextual factors: institutions and governance; innovation and investment; attitudes, behaviour and lifestyle. By categorising the contextual factors and mapping examples of how each factor shapes and influences mitigation policies and their outcome, this paper seeks to contribute to more systematic understanding and structured discussions for EU and member state policy-makers. 

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